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Educated to Lead. Inspired to Achieve.

Program

9 a.m. Opening Session and Welcome

CSC Lecture Hall

9:30 a.m. Session 1

Accounting — CSC Lecture Hall

Tax Evasion and Money Laundering and Fraud - OH MY!
Sydney Sexton, Pierce Barnes, Manoj Chapagain, Jianru Lin
Faculty sponsor: Professor Carter Campbell
This presentation will explore white collar crimes. We will discuss the different categories of white collar crimes and how the Federal Bureau of Investigation examines these crimes and delivers punishment, and we will present local cases to describe each crime and its consequences.

A Case Study of Public Corruption: The Story of Rod Blagojevich
Adam Mundle, Blake Strebler, Sam Vogel, Zach Roseman
Faculty sponsor: Professor Carter Campbell
Public corruption is an abuse of power. The who, what, where, why and how will be investigated in the discussion of the crimes of Rod Blagojevich. We’ll explore examples of public corruption and how CPAs can employ their skills in investigating these cases.

Biology and Chemistry Poster Session — CSC Atrium/CSC 126

Quantifying the purity of ethanol using different fermentation sources
Michael Cermak, Jeremy Quinton
Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Christopher Halsey
Ethanol is a key component in the making of biodiesel in the world today. Our goal is to reveal different sources of ethanol output and quantity if our modern day processes and purity for biodiesel can be improved.

A Chemical Analysis of Olive Oils
Brendan Stafford
Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Christopher Halsey
This study will focus on the use of instrumental chemistry to determine the chemical difference between various brands of olive oil and to resolve what variables are integral to quality.

Analysis of Common Over-the-Counter Medications
Caden Weigl
Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Christopher Halsey
These are the results of studying the concentration and hydrophobicity of common over-the-counter medications through analytical techniques.

CSC Horror Story
Kaylin Calton, Mikale Rettke
Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Christopher Halsey
This study is an investigation of evidence collected at a mock crime scene. We found alternative methods to be used in the analysis of the evidence using instruments found here at Westminster.

Soil Analysis During the Germination Process
Trevor Neal
Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Christopher Halsey
Knowing what the soil in a garden needs to replenish its health from season to season is an important question to many in the agricultural field. The research goal of this project is to determine pH, electrical conductivity and metal contents of garden soil before and during the process of germination, so these levels can be replenished each year.

Purification and Characterization of Alpha-Amylase from Miswak Salvadora Persica
Brendan Smith, Gracie Koonce, Maggie Morris, Andrew Morales
Presenters: Dr. Jeff Mayne
Although alpha-amylase is found primarily in pancreatic juice and saliva, it has also been found in Miswak Salvadora Persica trees. Its primary function is to hydrolyze starches into sugars. This research project will attempt to design a purification protocol and characterize alpha-amylase from crude starting material.

Purification of Alkaline Phosphatase from Cow Liver
Fathimath Shafa, Tylan Jamison, Madison Rybak, Courtney Whitlock
Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Jeff Mayne
Alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme found in many organisms, and it helps detect bone and liver diseases in human bodies. Our research goal is to extract, purify and analyze this enzyme from cow liver to learn more about its properties and behavior.

Purification of Alcohol Dehydrogenase
Jamey Lemon, Evan Riggs, River Remis, Callin Caywood
Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Jeff Mayne
Alcohol Dehydrogenase (ADH) is an enzyme mostly concentrated in the liver and kidneys that catalyzes the detoxification of ethanol to acetaldehyde. The goal of this research experiment is to extract and purify ADH from bovine liver.


Catalase: the Best Enzyme in the Body
Kaylin Calton, Naima Caydiid, Celeste Cummings, Kryssie Lancaster
Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Jeff Mayne
Catalase is the enzyme found in peroxisomes of the liver and it converts hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen. This research project will explore and develop a protocol for the purification of catalase. We plan to use an assay to measure catalase activity by quantifying the oxygen produced.

Purification and Characterization of Alpha Amylase
Shannon McCaul, Adrianna Dunn, Ashley Potitte, Michelle Raines
Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Jeff Mayne
Alpha-amylase is an enzyme responsible for catabolizing starch to maltose and glucose. It’s secreted by salivary glands within mammals and used in initial phases of digestion. The purpose was to develop a protocol, purify this enzyme and study its properties.

English — CSC 330

Roller Coasters
Stefanie Eggleston
Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Colleen O’Brien
Rarely does anyone have the luxury of taking a straight-line path to where they are in life. Many people end up with a past they are not proud of or do not want to think about. However, we have to learn that our past, our actions, and our friendships happened and mattered, just like Piper does in this short piece of fiction.

Women in Power: Examining Female Characters From 16th, 17th and
20th Century Literature
Kat Cooper
Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Nate Leonard
This thesis investigates women in literature from the 16th, 17th and 20th centuries, their limited access to power and their methods for gaining more access to power through using tactics such as gender identity performance, adultery, and poisonings.

Environmental Science — CSC 206

Oxygen Isotopic Analysis of Fossil Enamel: Preliminary Investigation of Eocene Mammalian Taxa
Ka Wai Wu, Leticia Ferreira
Faculty sponsor: Dr. David Schmidt
Micro vertebrate fossils were collected from the Oglala National Grasslands of Nebraska. Teeth were separated from sediment and processed for stable isotopic analysis. Using the ratio of oxygen isotopes, this project will compare taxa and make inferences about environmental conditions.

Ground and Aerial Survey of Fossil Eocene Bone Bed in Oglala National Grasslands, Nebraska
Sawyer Young, Rebecca Roth
Faculty Sponsor: Dr. David Schmidt
A detailed survey of a fossil Eocene bone bed was conducted in northwest Nebraska. All fossils were mapped, identified and counted. Abundance of taxa were recorded. Surface data were compared to aerial imagery to predict where future prospecting may occur.

Political Science — CSC 207

Why is Sweden Such a Happy Place?
Isidora Simeunovic
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Kali Wright-Smith
Currently, we are facing tremendous obstacles that are preventing us from developing and enjoying all the world`s benefits as a global society. Human happiness is an important aspect of one`s life. The purpose of this project is to explain why Sweden is such a happy place.

Medellin, Colombia: From world’s murder capital to most innovative city
Nicolas Lopez-Cano
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Kali Wright-Smith
The city of Medellin, Colombia, has gone through a miraculous transformation in the last decade, going from the world’s murder capital during the ‘90s to the most innovative city in the world for the year 2013. This thesis project studies the impacts of the Social Urbanism initiative in this exceptional transformation.

Faithless Electors: A Check on the Rabble?
Nathan Wilson
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Tobias Gibson
The legitimacy of the Electoral College came under intense scrutiny after the 2016 election, and this thesis investigates how the institution could be changed by looking at the history, constitutionality, partisan leanings and current reform efforts on faithless electors.

 

10:40 a.m. Session 2

Biology — CSC Atrium

Quantitative Genetics of Skeletal Traits in BXD Recombinant Inbred Strain Mice
Madison Rybak
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jane Kenney-Hunt
This study explores the link between phenotypic and genotypic data by identifying potential candidate genes within a specific region of the chromosome using quantitative trait locus analysis. These candidate genes potentially impact the bone length of our mice population, which has implications for human health.

The Effects of Bisphenol-A on Sea Urchin Embryogenesis
Victoria Moser
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jane Kenney-Hunt
Sea urchins develop closely to us, allowing us to study the effects of Bisphenol-A, which has a similar structure to the hormone estrogen, a negative impact on fertility and hormonal, developmental, behavior and cancer risk for fetuses and infants.

Computer Science — CSC Lecture Hall

IoT E-Monitoring System
Manoj Ghimire, Mahfoud Bouad
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Ed Mirielli
This research paper is based on the System and Software Engineering Project from Fall 2017 and topics in programming IoT for this semester. The goal of the project is to come up with a type of early warning system for the CSC server room using a credit card computer known as Raspberry Pi. The research paper will highlight the possibilities and challenges of IoT devices based on a real-life situation of our Westminster computer science students.

Environmental Science — CSC 207

Two Eocene Entelodont Mandibles: Taxonomic Relationships and Life Histories
Kristen Hirst
Faculty Sponsor: Dr. David Schmidt
Two Eocene entelodont mandibles were recovered from the field in the summers of 2015 and 2016 from northwest Nebraska. The mandibles were prepped and analyzed to identify the taxonomic relationship and ontogeny of the two mandibles.

The “Thunder Beasts” of the Eocene: Estimating Age-at-Death, Sex, Diet, and Deformities of Two Fossilized Brontothere Mandibles
Christiana Dunham
Faculty sponsor: Dr. David Schmidt
Brontotheres were large herbivores that lived during the late Eocene in northwest Nebraska. This project evaluates dental attrition and taphonomy of two brontothere mandibles. The results will provide more information on the life histories of these two specimens.

Mathematics: Heart of Math Poster Session — CSC Atrium

Algorithmic compressibility of gene expressions
Lin Liu
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Katherine Benson
A combinatorial study of the algorithmic compressibility of gene expressions. This research explores how to use mathematics to find the biological significance of each gene expression. In particular, the Robinson-Schensted-Knuth correspondence for representations of symmetric groups is introduced alongside necessary combinatorial identities to obtain number counts for permutations associated to gene expressions.

Modeling Our World through Graphs
Tenzin Tsuendue
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Katherine Benson
Networking is a part of our everyday lives, and although we might or might not consciously sense its significance, it is a part of daily life. This project will explore how networking plays a role in economics and business and how modeling our world through graphs explains this.

The Fourth Dimension: Delving into the Unknown
Colton Headrick
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Katherine Benson
This project explores an in-depth look at the Fourth Dimension and the different possibilities of what it could be and how it could be utilized.

Math Education in the United States
Dylan Goff
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Katherine Benson
This project discusses the education of mathematics in the United States with emphasis on teaching styles and content for each grade level.

The Golden Rectangle: The Beauty in Mathematics
Emily Nordsieck
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Katherine Benson
This poster explores the idea of the Golden Rectangle and the Divine Proportion scattered throughout our history. They appear in beloved paintings, on pottery, in architecture, and more. But why do we find it so appealing? Why is the golden rectangle so aesthetically pleasing?

Art Gallery Security
Gan-Ochir Nyamdorj
Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Katherine Benson
This project will explore the intricacies of art gallery security and how the security cameras are installed. It will also consider several techniques employed by galleries to cover their grounds regardless of interior
structures.

Fractals: The intersection between mathematics and art
Htet Wai
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Katherine Benson
In this study of fractals, the intersection between mathematics and art, we will experience the mesmerizing pictures of self-similar and intricate patterns that are constructed through the process of infinite iteration. Different sets of imaginary and complex numbers will be used to visualize fractal objects.

Chaos Theory
Isaiah Ruhman
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Katherine Benson
Chaos theory is a mathematical theory that is used to describe complex systems similar to weather, astronomy, politics and economics. Though many complex systems appear to be random, chaos theory shows there is an order that is difficult to see.

The Mathematical Art of M.C. Escher
Jessica Dunne
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Katherine Benson
When one thinks of Maurits Cornelius Escher, her or she does not always make the connection to mathematics. While his art is beautiful and intriguing, it is illogical to see it as only art. Escher’s fascination with mathematics should not be dismissed so lightly. Detailed in this project is the mathematical inspiration behind his artwork, which encompassed the geometry and logic of space.

Probability and Statistics in Daily Fantasy Sports
Matt Hamilton
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Katherine Benson
This project seeks the most effective ways to collect and compile real-world data, produce effective projections and provide the Daily Fantasy Sports with the optimal NBA lineup for the given day.

Random Chance and Probability
Mgegama Nyathi
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Katherine Benson
This project will look at how switching or sticking to cards makes a difference in the probability of obtaining a desired outcome. It will also look into the Birthday Question and find the probability of how many people would be needed in a room so that there are at least two people who share a birthday and also probability of the opposite outcome, that they do not share the same birthday.

History and Political Science Poster Session — CSC Atrium/CSC 126

The Economic Policies of Franklin Roosevelt & Ronald Reagan: What the Greatest Liberal and Conservative Presidents in History Can Teach Us About American Politics… And How We Can All Get Along
Aaron Guilliam, Jacob Hansen, Nickee Brumbaugh
Faculty sponsors: Dr. Mark Boulton, Dr. Tobias Gibson
This poster examines the economic ideologies of arch-liberal Franklin Roosevelt and arch-conservative Ronald Reagan in an effort to illustrate how it is both possible and necessary to have rational and respectful political discourse over competing ideologies in American politics.

The Foreign Policy of Franklin Roosevelt & Ronald Reagan: What the Greatest Liberal and Conservative Presidents in History Can Teach Us About American Politics… And How We Can All Get Along
Emily Bergman, Natalie Schulte, Benjamin VanHoogstrate
Faculty sponsors: Dr. Mark Boulton, Dr. Tobias Gibson
This poster examines the foreign policy of arch-liberal Franklin Roosevelt and arch-conservative Ronald Reagan in an effort to illustrate how it is both possible and necessary to have rational and respectful political discourse over competing ideologies in American politics.

The Social Policies of Franklin Roosevelt & Ronald Reagan: What the
Greatest Liberal and Conservative Presidents in History Can Teach Us
About American Politics… And How We Can All Get Along
Larke Tyler, Samantha Henderson, Shraddha Amatya
Faculty sponsors: Dr. Mark Boulton, Dr. Tobias Gibson
This poster examines the social policies of arch-liberal Franklin Roosevelt and arch-conservative Ronald Reagan in an effort to illustrate how it is both possible and necessary to have rational and respectful political discourse over competing ideologies in American politics.

Psychology Poster Session — CSC Atrium

The Role of College Major and Target Age on Deceit Detection
Susanne Tindalid, Ben Davis, Eliza Tovizi, Mandi Hoyle
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Abby Coats
This study investigated the roles that college major and target age play in college students’ ability to detect deceit. We hypothesized that psychology and education majors would be more accurate at detecting deceit than other majors and that students would be better at detecting deceit in people within their own age range.

Interdisciplinary — CSC 206

“Le Bon Petit Henry” translated to “The Good Henry”
Presenter: Alyssa Harrison
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Ingrid Ilinca
Translating between two languages is an incredibly intricate process in which the translator has to truly understand the source text and its language in order to convey the same feeling received from reading the text into the target language. In this case, we will explore how a nineteenth-century fairytale written in French is converted to English.

Faith and Feminism
Presenter: Sarah Crawford
Faculty sponsor: Rev. Jamie Haskins
Time and time again, religious institutions are accused of oppressing women and limiting their autonomy. It becomes difficult for women to maintain feminist ideals in a religious context, but it is not impossible. With historical insights, interpretation of sacred texts and understanding the divine God, feminism and faith may indeed harmonize.

What is Your STI.Q.?
Presenter: Hannah Marshall
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Therese Miller
The prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) increases dramatically among the college student population. The purpose of my study is to examine Westminster College students’ knowledge regarding various STIs and sexual health as well as offer a needs-based education intervention based on my findings.

Fine Arts — HAC Hermann Lounge

Art Songs: A Comparative Performance of Compositions from Germany, France and the United States
Caroline McEwen
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Natasia Sexton
During the Romantic Era, more people were involved in musical endeavors due to the growing middle class of the 19th century. The Art Song evolved as a genre that catered to this audience. The songs presented
here are examples of Art Songs from the Romantic Era and are as follows: Schubert’s “Die Erlkonig” from Germany, Debussy’s “Beau Soir” from France and Charles’ “When I Have Sung My Songs to You” from the United States.

The Voice of Music: The Study of Music Composition
Isaac Coronel
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Natasia Sexton
Music is loved by everyone, but few have experienced the challenge of music composition. The composer shares his compositional process to set a selected text to music, which will be performed by members of the Churchill Singers.

1 p.m. Session 3

 

Biology Poster Session — CSC Atrium

Foot Prosection and Complication Analysis
Austin Morris
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Dawn Holliday
The objectives of this project are to demonstrate anatomical understanding of the foot and ankle and to gain familiarity with common ailments and modern podiatric approaches to their treatment. I will complete a prosection on the foot and ankle using the donor body in the Anatomy Lab. Additionally, I connected by prosection results to common foot and ankle complications and modern podiatric treatment.

Smell Good, Get Smart
Courtney Whitlock, Devin Brown, Taylor Howard, Madison Rybak
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Dawn Holliday
Peppermint essential oils improve concentration and focus. We will examine the relationship between increased concentration and higher levels of sympathetic activity using heart rate, blood pressure and pupil dilation.

Inhale: Smells That Make Scents
Eljesa Hyseni, Faithimath Shafa, Rupa Kumari, Kalin Kyte
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Dawn Holliday
Scents, including those given off by holdhold chemicals, effect lung capacity in humans. We will measure the effect of different scents on lung capacity in students performing various exercises that induce respiratory stress.

Can Your Crush See Your Heart Eyes?
Evan Riggs, Whitney Mitchhart, Linda Mushi, Brendan Smith
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Dawn Holliday
Pupil dilation and heart rate are correlated with emotional responses. We will quantify pupillary dilation and heart rate in response to emotional stimuli such as happiness, sadness, stress and love. Stimuli will be delivered through short videos and activities.

Feel the Beat: Tampering with the Tempo
Isaac Coronel, Jessie Kuykendall, Amber Martin, Austin Morris
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Dawn Holliday
Music tempo improves athletic performance. We will investigate the effect of tempo on male running performance. We hypothesized that increasing the tempo of a song would increase the runner’s distance traveled in a period of time.

Be Stress Free With CBD
Jamey Lemon, Alec Bise, Andrew Morales, Austin Smith
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Dawn Holliday
CBD (cannabidiol) oil reduces anxiogenic factors by acting on known anxiolytic receptors. While extracted from cannabis, it does not elicit the psychoactive properties of THC. We will evaluate these properties against stress-inducing stimuli.

Activate the Adsorption of Alcohol, is Cognition Still Your Downfall?
McKenna Peters, Heidi Gundy, Gracie Koonce, Ashley Politte
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Dawn Holliday
Activated charcoal adsorbs toxins accelerating their expulsion rate. We will measure how activated charcoal affects cognitive function and blood alcohol content (VAC). We hypothesize activated charcoal will increase the rate at which BAC decreases, but cognitive function will remain impaired.

Environmental Science — CSC Atrium/CSC 126

Breeding Survey of Northern Cardinals (Cardinalis cardinalis) on Westminster’s Campus
Jessica Kinkade
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Gabe McNett
Northern cardinals (Cardinalis cardinalis) are common birds around the Westminster campus. Using a common bird census method, we assessed the location and number of cardinal breeding territories on campus. The goal is to use our findings as a base of information for future research projects.

Biodiversity Survey of Ground Beetles (family Carabidae) at Prairie Garden Trust
Kaitlin Rosholm
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Gabe McNett
Ground beetles (family Carabidae) are one of the largest beetle families, with approximately 34,000 species worldwide. Carabids have a huge ecological impact on most species, being predators of other invertebrates. This study compares carabid diversity among three different habitats at a unique local nature area, Prairie Garden Trust (PGT).

Activity Level of Soil Microorganisms
Mercy Taban, Ka Wai Wu
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Irene Unger
Soil is an important component that provides ecosystem services vital for life; it acts as a water filter and provides important storage of minerals and a vital living ecosystem that sustains plants and animals. Soil enzymes play an important role in decomposition of organic matter and nutrient cycling. Our research takes a simple experimental approach by using enzyme assay (B-glucosidase) to see how well soil microorganisms utilize soil carbon.

Site characterization of three habitats at Prairie Garden Trust
Nicholas Deflorian
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Irene Unger
This study was part of a larger project aimed at documenting the biodiversity of Prairie Garden Trust. My role in the research was to help determine if there were significant differences between the sites (i.e. overstory and soil characteristics) that may have contributed to a variation in insect diversity.

Art from Recycling
Tania Lay-Guterres
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Irene Unger
Environmental sustainability is the idea that demands placed on the environment can be met without reducing its capacity to allow all people to live well now and in the future. The goal of this project is to use a creative form of visual art to promote recycling and raise awareness about sustainability and environmental issues in the Westminster community.

Environmentally friendly behaviors at Westminster College
Ka Wai Wu
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Irene Unger
A study of Westminster’s carbon emissions and students’ understanding of sustainability were conducted previously by former students Enni Kallio and Hassaan Sipra. This project is a continuation of the previous study and will compare and contrast data collected from the previous study.

History — CSC 206

China-Africa Relations: Economic, Political and Social Implications for Africa
Joseph Opoku
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Sam Goodfellow
Over the last two decades, China has emerged as an important player in Africa. China’s quest for raw materials and market for finished goods has created a complex web of cooperation often characterized by exploitation. This thesis investigates the current state of China-Africa relations and its implications for the continent’s future.

Indian Resistance Movements in the Interwar Period
Sawyer Young
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Sam Goodfellow
This paper examines the role of American-Indian veterans of WWI: Pan-Indian societies and other agents of change in staging anti-assimilationist resistance movements in the interwar period. I examine the extent to which each of these institutions had a hand in shaping the American-Indian experience into the 20th and 21st centuries.

A Comparative Analysis of Various Political Systems
YuanFei Zhai
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Sam Goodfellow
Do liberal democracies and free market capitalism necessarily bring prosperity? This is a comparative study of countries with western democratic and capitalistic systems and those without them. One general impression is that a democratic capitalist society is the best political and economic system. Democracy makes sure everyone has their interests represented, and capitalism promotes competition that fosters innovation. However, what are the outcomes for those countries that adopted them and for those that did not? This paper will examine some cases in Africa, Asia and the Middle East.

Economics — CSC Lecture Hall

Financial deepening as source of economic growth
Chandan Thapa
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Rabindra Bhandari
This thesis examines the causality relationship between financial deepening and economic growth. The empirical research is divided into findings on the causal relationship due to the varying measure of financial deepening. I will be redefining financial deepening and conducting crosscountry regression analysis to examine the relationship between financial deepening and economic growth.

Economic implications of foreign direct investment in developing countries, especially Mongolia
Gan-Ochir Nyamdorj
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Rabindra Bhandari
Mongolia is a country with a huge amount of natural resources and vast amount of land, ranking 19th in the world. In this paper, I will be exploring the implications of foreign direct investment in Mongolia over the years.

Peg or Float
Morategi Kgomokhumo
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Rabindra Bhandari
The fluctuation of currency is often tied to several economic variables. These fluctuations can be managed through two schemes: (1) pegging to another currency or currency basket, or (2) independent float. Which of these arrangements provides developing countries with the most effective tools in management and maintenance of healthy levels of inflation?

Political Science — CSC 330

Environmentalism: Yes, We’re Still Talking About It
Maria Ramas, Carson Pope, Sarah Crawford, Olivia Bailey
Faculty sponsor: Dr. John Langton
This panel will discuss environmentalism in regards to both the Westminster and Mid-Missouri communities, including exploration of barriers that hinder environmental progress and a path to overcome these challenges and strife for a greener future.

Psychology — CSC 207

Effects of Meaning Making and Positive Psychology Interventions on Suicide Prevention Among Afghan Refugees in Europe
Fatima Jafari
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Abby Coats
Afghan refugees often have difficulty coping after the denial of their refugee cases. So, the relationship between meaning in life, resilience, happiness and shame-guilt level was studied. The purpose of the study is to see if goals have any effect on one’s resilience and shame-guilt after he or she faces a perceived failure.

Reducing Social Distance and Perceived Dangerousness of Individuals with Mental Illnesses Through the Use of an Anxiety Simulation
Manfredo Flores
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Abby Coats
Societal perceptions of mental illnesses depict individuals that have them as outcasts and dangerous. This research attempts to simulate anxiety and raise awareness of the way these individuals experience their illnesses and see whether that will change the participants’ perceptions with regards to social distance and perceived dangerousness.

Panel: The Effect of Verbalization Techniques on Test Performance in Neuro-typical Participants and Participants with Anxiety
Haiden DeShong, Brian Sellenrick, Mandi Hoyle, Khaled Khalili, Meleigha Caudel
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Thomas Irelan
In schizophrenia, verbalization of thought and action, while considered abnormal, has shown to improve test scores in schizophrenic patients. We propose that verbalization could also positively affect non-schizophrenic students’ test scores but may negatively impact the scores of individuals with anxiety.

2:10 p.m. Session 4

Economics — CSC Lecture Hall

To What Extent Has Foreign Aid Been Effective in Sub-Saharan Africa?
Meili F.Tuyisenge
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Rabindra Bhandari
This study investigates the effectiveness of foreign aid in sub-Saharian Africa. Many studies show that increasing financial flow to African countries is far from the expected result of foreign aid to recipient nations. Thus, the main reason of this research is to examine the cause of the ineffective aid and to look at polices that can be implemented to achieve more effective foreign aid.

The Pacific Alliance: A Bridge Between Asia and Latin America
Nicolas Lopez-Cano
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Rabindra Bhandari
The Pacific Alliance is a Latin American trade bloc formed by Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru. With a combined population of more than 200 million people and 35% of the region’s DGP, these nations are trying to build a bridge between Latin American and Asian markets. This paper will analyze the impacts that this alliance has had among its members and the likelihood of incorporating new nations to the treaty.

Push and Pull Factor of US Immigrants and Impact of Immigration Policy on the US Economy
Tenzin Tsuendue
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Rabindra Bhandari
Ever since Donald Trump campaigned for the Presidency and won, I have heard about building the wall more times than I can count. I thought it would be interesting to see what the economic implications of building
that wall are and how much it might actually help the United States improve economically. I chose this topic because how governmental policies affect a nation’s economy has always fascinated me.

Education: Action Research in the K-12 Setting — CSC Atrium

Nearpod and the Generation of Digital Natives
Meghan Tinney
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jim Concannon
To what extent does using the app Nearpod in a guided reading activity with elementary students increase their comprehension as compared to traditional reading styles? This research investigates the effectiveness of using the app Nearpod for guided reading group activities in elementary school classrooms. Nearpod is a very accessible app that can easily be integrated into a classroom and would appeal to digital natives. Nearpod is able to stimulate some aspects of the experiential model of learning in the way the app is set up. Students are able to use a wide variety of skills such as drawing, coloring and building, which ensures a deeper level of understanding. This research will be used to guide future teaching practices.

Why Use the Real World?
Isaiah Ruhman
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jim Concannon
My null hypothesis is as follows: “There is no significant difference in the
student achievement between student groups when real-world problems
are integrated.

Action Research in the K-12 Setting
Addison Conway
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jim Concannon

The Effects of Technology on Student Engagement
Ashley Goings
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jim Concannon
Does using technology in the classroom increase engagement among students?” Technology is becoming more accessible, with many schools going one-to-one. I am asking this question to see what type of technology, if any, is more engaging for students. My null hypothesis is, “There is no significant difference in student engagement when technology is incorporated in the classroom.” To test this, I separated a 3rd-grade class into two groups, one group using technology and the other group not. They were given a topic and asked to answer a few questions before the lesson and to answer the same questions after the lesson. This was to show if the students using technology were more engaged in the subject matter than the group with no technology.

The Effects of Incentives on Academic Performance
Bailey Vaughn
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jim Concannon
This action research seeks to investigate the question, “Does giving students an incentive before administering a test have a significant effect on their academic performance?” My null hypothesis is, “There is no significant difference between students’ academic performance on tests given a prior incentive and those who are not.” To test this question, two 7th grade life science classes took a pre- and post- test. After giving a pre-test, one group of students was given an extrinsic incentive while the other was not — allowing me to analyze the test scores of both groups and determine the effectiveness with a dependent T-test. The purpose of this research is to encourage teachers to look at what motivational factors have a positive or neutral effect on students’ academic performance with the hopes of bettering scores and learning.

The Effects of Student Engagement
Beau Thompson
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jim Concannon
Do students who are more actively engaged in class perform better in an academic sense compared to students who are not actively engaged? My hypothesis is that there is no significant difference in academic
performance between students’ perceptions of being engaged versus those who are not engaged.

Methods of Classroom Management in Middle School
Brittany Holmes
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jim Concannon
My project looks at different classroom management methods in a middle school class and determining which has a greater overall effect on student engagement, comprehension and productivity.

Action Research in the K-12 Setting
Carissa Bentlage
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jim Concannon

Tech For Understanding
Cris Hurtado
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jim Concannon
My action research project studies whether technology in the classroom improves student performance. I am observing data from 8th graders at Fulton Middle School, and the subject area is Social Studies. My research contains a questionnaire to the students in the form of a pre-test and post-test. A T-test will be used to compare the scores, and a physical copy of the quiz and digital copy of the quiz will be used. The scores will be examined to see whether the use of a Chromebook or other device increases a student’s performance.

Is music in a P.E. class more effective in aiding students’ motivation to participate in the activity compared to no music?
Ian Cassidy
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jim Concannon
This question directly relates to teaching effectiveness and classroom management. If playing music in a P.E. setting does motivate the students to participate more, then it needs to be incorporated more into classroom activities.

Action Research in the K-12 Setting
Jessica Dunne
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jim Concannon

Is Teaching Differently Better?
Kelsey Ray
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jim Concannon
If my research indicates that teaching to multiple learning styles in a lesson is more effective than teaching to one learning style in a lesson, it would be interesting to extend that study to include other members of the Education Department to determine the impact of teaching styles on education majors.

Use of Manipulatives in First Grade Math
Madeline Coffin
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jim Concannon
I conducted research to see how students performed on math problems with and without manipulatives.

Positive Behavior Support System and How It Affects Students’ Behavior in the Classroom
Reagan DeCamp
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jim Concannon
How do different positive behavior support systems affect student behavior in the classroom? My null hypothesis is that there is no significant difference in the effects of different positive behavior support systems between student groups’ behavior in the classroom.

Reading Strategies
Richard Goodman
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jim Concannon
I am conducting my research at a local elementary school in Fulton to see if sounding out words helps struggling readers in elementary school.

Self-Regulation and Its Impact on Academic Achievement
Ryan Klimkiewiez
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jim Concannon
I will be conducting an experiment to see if presenting students with self-regulation strategies ultimately helps with their academic achievement. Hypothesis: “There is not a significant difference in academic achievement (test scores) between students who are given test-taking strategies versus those who are not given test-taking strategies."

Action Research in the K-12 Setting
Shelby Buchholz
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jim Concannon

Does Conducting Book Talks Increase Student Interest in an ELA Classroom?
Therasia Brautigam
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Jim Concannon
Does conducting book talks increase student interest in an ELA classroom? Reading, especially for pleasure, is forgotten at the high school level, and I want to know if book talking can help students become more interested in reading.

History — CSC 207

Post-War Iraq, the Iranian Backyard
Abdullah Mahdi
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Mark Boulton
Victory over ISIS in Iraqi territories came with high costs; first, it proved that the Iraqi army lacked sufficient power to protect itself. Second, it allowed scattered Shiite militias to fight under one banner. These reasons allowed Iran to increase its dominance over Iraq through its constant support to radical Shiite militias in Iraq.

U.S.-Saudi Relations
Jeremy George
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Mark Boulton
In this paper, I investigate oil and the impact of a war over oil in the Middle East, specifically focusing on Saudi Arabia and the involvement and relationships of the United States in the Persian Gulf.

Looting the Cradle of Civilization: Security Blunders and the Theft of Antiquities from the Iraq National Museum in 2003
Kelsie Slaughter
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Mark Boulton
The U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003 wrought many devastating consequences. Among them was the looting of the Iraq National Museum. This paper explores both the security failures that led to this looting and the longterm implications of the theft of these antiquities from “the Cradle of Civilization.”

The United States of America in the Syrian Civil War
Neveen Abuelula
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Mark Boulton
This paper will discuss US policies toward non-state actors, especially FSA during the Syrian civil war, from 2011-2017. What impact did those policies have on the civil war and through which means?

Panel: Security Now! Exploring Issues in National Security — CSC 206

Civil Rights and Privacy
Borden-Miller
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Tobias Gibson
Throughout history, democratic governments have experienced numerous terrorist attacks on their societies. This research focuses on the problem that democracies face when dealing with counterterrorism initiatives. Law enforcement agencies and politicians often question whether their “ends justify the means.” Is protecting the homeland enough justification for infringing on civil rights and privacy?

Food Security
Jonathan Lee
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Tobias Gibson
Is food security a national security issue? Many Americans suffer from food insecurity. The issue is pervasive and has existed in this country for decades. My thesis seeks to argue that food insecurity is not only a public health issue but also a national security issue.

Implications of Rule of Law
Mitchell Weller
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Tobias Gibson
The concept of Rule of Law has been upheld as the ultimate political ideal in the United States; however, this concept has remained contested by political philosophers. This thesis establishes a clear definition of the Rule of Law and explores its implications on modern national security efforts.

Examining Legal Issues
Victoria Wyatt
Faculty sponsor: Dr. Tobias Gibson
Once a year, an assortment of private sector attorneys, military lawyers, legal professors and others gather together in one location to exchange ideas and dissect national security law issues. This presentation offers a glimpse of the American security apparatus by detailing this conference’s findings.

3:15 p.m. Academic Awards and Closing Remarks

CSC Lecture Hall

4:00 p.m. Special Session

Engineering Model Presentations — CSC Atrium

3D-Printed Arm
Chandler Haxton, Christopher Nelson, Joshua Zaitz
Faculty sponsor: Professor Doaa Bondok
Our group is creating a functioning, self-automated prosthetic hand with parts designed with three-dimensional modeling programs and use of Polylactic Acid (PLA) plastics and a three-dimensional printer. The parts will be assembled and made to use an elastic method of movement using rubber bands and fishing line. Our design is made on the premise that the user has no remaining part of their hand, so the prosthetic will be held in place by a brace and straps around the forearm and elbow. The primary goal of our prosthetic is being able to grasp and lift small objects without the use of another hand or arm.

Architectural Design
Nickee Brumbaugh, Austin lanphere, Jesus Torres
Faculty sponsor: Professor Doaa Bondok
We constructed a 2,000-square-foot house to a scale of .5 inches: 1foot and have incorporated the main components of a kitchen isolated from the living room, three bedrooms, garage and balcony. Energy efficiency through certain features such as many windows for warmth throughout the day were part of our design. The width of the hallway was designed so that two people may pass. The vaulted ceiling in the living room creates an open and welcoming common space. Overall, our design is modern but has components of other house designs such as our ranch-style wrap-around porch.

Folding Bridge
Shraddha Amatya, Mark Kuss, Ngegama Nyathi
Faculty sponsor: Professor Doaa Bondok
A hydraulic bridge is a movable bridge usually powered by electric motors, winches, gearing or hydraulic pistons that allows passage for boats or barges. Our project uses gears and mechanical energy. A folding bridge is a type of hydraulic bridge that has more sections that are connected to each other by hinges and that collapse together horizontally. This type of folding bridge is a creative design for portable bridges. Basically, we are focusing on making a creative type of hydraulic bridge that can function.

Hydraulic Robotic Arm
Faculty sponsor: Professor Doaa Bondok
The hydraulic robotic arm moves six directions with the control panel: up, down, left, right, forward and backward. The claw mechanism of the arm can pick up and put down objects. The claw was modified with magnets to allow picking up of metallic items. It is designed and built to resemble a backhoe or crane.

Suspension Bridge
Sarah Cradick, Nickolas Monson, Ben Morrow
Faculty sponsor: Professor Doaa Bondok
The main objective of our suspension bridge is to have the deck held in place by the cables. The deck of our suspension bridge is roughly 50 inches long and 4 inches wide. We decided to place two door hinges every 7.5 inches five times throughout the deck to make it more flexible. The smaller cables that stretch down from the main cables keep the deck level. The main cables are stretched from one end of the bridge through both towers and to the other end of the bridge. The deck is also supported by two foundations that are connected to the two towers. Lastly, the deck is also connected at each end to anchorages.

Wind Turbine
Jonathan Wheeler, Connor Felter, Brian Berman
Faculty sponsor: Professor Doaa Bondok
Our task was to convert energy from the wind from a leaf blower to mechanical energy to lift a weight using a wind turbine. We decided to use a wide disc to catch the wind. The rotation of this disc will go into a pulley and gear system, which is set in place using a wooden frame. On the other side of the pulley and gear system, there is a rod, which will rotate to coil the rope around itself and lift the weight attached to the rope. The idea is to convert energy spread over a greater distance to an output energy with smaller distance but greater force, maximizing the amount of weight that can be lifted.

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